Dry skin occurs when the natural oils of your skin are not sufficient to keep the skin moisturized. This causes your skin to become dry, flaky, and itchy. Over time, dry skin can lead to more serious conditions such as eczema and psoriasis.

Dry skin is a skin condition characterized by the skin’s inability to produce natural oils and moisture. This condition may be present year rounds or may flare up with certain weather conditions, especially extreme temperatures. Contact with the sun, cold or other elements may exacerbate the condition. Dry skin is often confused with irritant or allergic contact dermatitis and may be the results of an underlying skin condition, such as eczema or psoriasis.

Types of Dry Skin

There are two main types of dry skin: dermatitis and xerosis.

Dermatitis refers to the inflammation of the skin and is the result of a rash or irritation. This can be due to many factors including allergies, chemicals, and even excessive washing.

Xerosis is a type of dry skin that is caused by a lack of natural oils and moisture. Many people suffer from xerosis due to living in climates with very low humidity or as a result of old age.

The good news is, there are a variety of helpful products that can help treat and prevent dry skin.

How to identify different degrees of dry skin

There are 3 degrees of dry skin ranging from normal dry to extremely dry. These 3 degrees has its own characteristics.

Stage of Dry Skin

+ Dry skin – Its texture is rough, brittle and dull looking. This types of textures caused by low elasticity of the skin due to unhealthy skin barrier. You will feel your skin a little bit tight at this stage.

+ Very dry skin

When you neglect dry skin concern for a long time, it tend to become very dry especially during winter season when not treated carefully. Your skin may develop:
• mild scaling or flakiness in patches
• a rough and blotchy appearance (sometimes it appears to be prematurely aged)
• a feeling of tightness
• possible itchiness

It is also more sensitive to irritation, redness and the risk of infection. Find out more in dry skin.

+ Extremely dry skin

Normally happen at certain areas of the body such as feet, hands, knees and elbows. These parts are prone to:

  • chapping with a tendency to form cracks
  • roughness
  • calluses
  • frequent itchiness
  • scaling

Extremely dry skin is most commonly found on the elderly or on severely dehydrated hands. Read more in rough and cracked body skin.

Symptoms of Dry Skin

When your skin is dry, it may flake, itch, or start peeling. The area under your eyes and your lower legs are the most likely to be affected by dry skin. Dry skin usually feels rough. It can also lead to inflammation and redness. Dry skin can be a symptom of a number of other skin conditions, including eczema, psoriasis, and dermatitis.

Common symptoms of dry skin include:
• Chapped, sore lips
• Itchy scalp
• Scaly skin
• Skin that cracks and bleeds easily

Eczema vs Dry Skin

While both eczema and dry skin are conditions that cause skin to be dry and itchy, there are significant differences between the two.

Eczema is an immune system condition that causes the skin to be inflamed and itchy. It’s common for skin that suffers from eczema to crack, forming painful blisters and patches. Eczema is a type of skin disease that affects the patient’s entire body. It is a chronic autoimmune condition that causes inflammation to the skin. Common symptoms include a dry, scaly, itchy skin that often causes bleeding. Although there is no cure for this condition, it can be treated with steroid creams and hydrocortisone pills.

In contrast, dry skin is not an autoimmune condition. It is caused by a lack of oil in the skin. It is a temporary condition that can be treated with moisturizers. Dry skin is a more localized condition that mainly impacts the outer layer of skin. While the two conditions share some similarities and will both cause the skin to be abnormally dry, the underlying causes are quite different.

Treatment for Dry Skin

Dry skin is a surprisingly common condition. It’s caused by a lack of sebum production, which means that the natural oils that keep your skin hydrated aren’t present. The best treatment for dry skin is making sure that you have a well-balanced diet. Nuts and seeds are a great way to boost the amount of sebum in your diet without causing indigestion. Green teas are also helpful for skin, so we recommend trying them as well. For more serious dry skin, we recommend trying a body lotion made of natural ingredients, such as shea butter or coconut oil.

Prevention for Dry Skin

Keeping your skin moisturized is the best way to prevent dry skin. If you have dry skin, you should use moisturizer regularly. Also, it’s important to avoid wearing tight clothes or using harsh soaps on your skin, as this can make your skin dry and irritated.

If you want to avoid getting dry skin, you should always moisturize before you go outdoors. This will keep your skin from losing water when exposed to the elements. You should also avoid using harsh soaps, as this can irritate your skin.

The best moisturizers have ingredients in them that are gentle and soothing. Look for moisturizers that contain aloe vera, cucumber, and green tea. These ingredients are great at hydrating your skin, and will help prevent dryness.

What is Skin Barrier?

Skin barrier is one of the primary functions of the skin. The skin barrier is a physical, chemical, and microbiological protective barrier that covers the whole body. The skin barrier is made up of two thin layers of skin, the epidermis and the dermis. The purpose of the skin barrier is to prevent water loss, entry of pathogens, toxins, and chemicals. The skin barrier is formed by the physical properties of the epidermis and dermis, the natural flora of the skin, and the immune system. The skin barrier also prevents the entrance of water from the inside out. When the skin barrier is broken, for example: blisters, rashes, psoriasis, and eczema, the skin becomes more susceptible to irritants and allergens which can then lead to more inflammation and irritation.

Read more here about: Natural Moisturizing Factors (NMF’s)


Best splurge for skin barrier treatment


Xuyoni Synergy Booster, $49

As the first product of its kind, Xuyoni Synergy Booster has proven to be extremely effective at adding elasticity and a plump look to skin. It has also proven to be an effective barrier against environmental stressors and improving the overall condition of the skin. This revolutionary product is easy to apply, and it will leave your skin feeling soft and supple each and every day!


Krave Beauty Great Barrier Relief, $28

Krave Beauty’s Great Barrier Relief moisturizer contains a proprietary blend of plant oils, natural extracts, and vitamins that create a protective barrier to help heal and soothe dry, damaged skin. It is designed to be especially effective on severely dry, damaged skin. It is designed to be especially effective on severely dry, damaged skin.


Paula’s Choice Barrier Repair Moisturizer with Retinol, $35

Paula’s Choice product, Barrier Repair Moisturizer with Retinol, can help improve skin’s moisture barrier function and hydration. This moisturizer is clinically proven to rehydrate and improve the look of dry, flaky skin. The moisturizer contains a retinol derivative to increase skin’s surface cell turnover rate, as well as an antioxidant complex to help smooth and improve the look of skin. The moisturizer is formulated with a silicone-derived emollient that helps to mimic your skin’s natural protective barrier and can help skin retain its hydration.

Best Ingredients for Dry Skin Treatment

The best ingredients for dry skin include a few that offer intense hydration such as glycerin, hyaluronic acid and a variety of plant extracts. These ingredients are superior for nourishing the skin, providing a barrier to retain moisture and creating a smooth texture. When it comes to an ingredient like glycerin, it’s important to know that this compound works amazingly for dry skin. Derived from plants, it has a high affinity for water and will attract moisture from the air and lock it into the skin. Glycerin is also a humectant that is pH balanced, making it gentle on the skin. While it’s used in cosmetic products, glycerin also has a range of applications in personal care products as well.


Cetaphil Moisturizing Cream, $18.99

Cetaphil Moisturizing Cream combined with Cetaphil Daily Facial Moisturizer SPF 15 is an excellent option for keeping your skin hydrated. The moisturizing cream provides a lightweight moisture barrier to protect your skin from dryness, while the SPF 15 moisturizer protects your skin from harmful UVA/UVB rays. Cetaphil Moisturizing Cream is an easy, affordable way to keep your skin looking and feeling at its best.


Neutrogena Hydro Boost, $18.98

Neutrogena Hydro Boost products are great for people with dry and sensitive skin. It’s a hydrating skin care line that contains hyaluronic acid, an ingredient that plumps skin cells to firm and fill in wrinkles. It also contains aloe, cucumber and green tea extracts that soothe and replenish skin.


Aquaphor Healing Ointment, $14.97

Aquaphor Healing Ointment is a dermatologist recommended brand that will help heal dry, cracked and irritated skin. The ointment is easy to apply and is made with the same skin care experts who created Eucerin and Lubriderm. Aquaphor Healing Ointment is a great way to improve your skin at home. You can find it at many drugstores.

Winter Tips for Dry and Flaky Skin

Winter is a harsh season for skin if you’re not prepared. There are a few things you can do in advance to ensure that you’ll be prepared to fight the dry, flaky skin that winter can bring.

Keep your skin hydrated. Use a deep moisturizing hand cream once or twice a day before bed to prevent the formation of dry, flaky skin.

+ Many people like to use a hand lotion that contains shea butter, as it has proven to be a very effective moisturizer.

+ Eat foods rich in Vitamin A and C.

+ Try to eat different types of fruits, like orange and kiwi, and vegetables, like red pepper and tomatoes.

+ Drink lots of water.

+ Use a fruit infused water bottle to give yourself a boost of natural antioxidants from the herbs and fruit.